Indianz.Com > News > Indian Country starts off new year with surge in COVID-19 cases
Navajo Nation Office of the President and Vice President: COVID-19 Town Hall – January 4, 2022
Indian Country starts off new year with surge in COVID-19 cases
Thursday, January 6, 2022

Tribal communities across the nation are once again seeing an explosion in COVID-19 cases following the busy holiday season and as a new and highly contagious variant brings upheaval to Indian Country.

Some tribes are reimposing lockdowns, the likes of which haven’t been seen since the onset of the coronavirus pandemic almost two years ago. Others are warning of negative impacts to their health care systems due to the Omicron variant that is spreading quickly throughout the United States.

“Of course you know that the Omicron variant throughout the country has surpassed the Delta variant,” President Jonathan Nez of the Navajo Nation said during a COVID-19 town hall on Tuesday.

“It was just our time, I guess, that Omicron is here,” Nez said from the largest reservation in the country.

Navajo Nation
The Navajo Nation confirmed its first case of the COVID-19 Omicron variant through surveillance and sequencing of coronavirus results. Image: Navajo Nation Office of President and Vice President

The Navajo Nation confirmed its first Omicron case on Monday, on the Utah portion of the reservation. The variant arrived despite a high COVID-19 vaccination rate — more than 72 percent of tribal citizens over the age of 12 have been fully inoculated as of Wednesday, according to the latest data.

But strong public health measures are proving no match to the Omicron, which has contributed to sky-high infection rates across the U.S. ever since it was first confirmed on December 1.

“We did our very best,” Nez said of his tribe, one of the two largest, in terms of citizenship numbers. “We did extremely, extremely well, pushing this, keeping this variant off the Navajo Nation.”

“But it’s all around us,” Nez added, pointing COVID-19 data from the states of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. “It’s everywhere. It’s very contagious.”

The other largest tribe is experiencing upheaval as well, reporting a shortage of monoclonal antibody (MAB) medication, which has been used to treat COVID-19 illness in patients. Even so, the Cherokee Nation on Wednesday warned that the treatment doesn’t appear to be as effective when it comes to Omicron.

“Current monoclonal medication studies have also been found to have limited effectiveness against infection with the Omicron variant,” a post on social media from the 14-county reservation in northeastern Oklahoma read. “As a result, the federal government has reduced the supply of MAB to prioritize more effective treatments, and Cherokee Nation is diligently working to acquire those newer treatments as they become available.”

Other tribal communities are confronting the fallout from Christmas, when families gathered in large numbers and people traveled at levels not seen in two years. The Pueblo of Laguna, for instance, began the first full week of 2022 on Monday by reporting a “sudden spike in COVID-19 cases” that leadership attributed to the holiday season.

By Wednesday, the tribe reinstated strict measures affecting travel to and from the reservation, which is located along a busy interstate, not far from the most populous city in New Mexico. Additionally, a public ceremony connected to the swearing-in of new officials at Laguna was canceled on the eve of the annual event.

Pueblo tribes elsewhere in the state, which typically hold leadership ceremonies on January 6, also imposed limits on public gatherings amid the coronavirus wave sweeping the nation.

And no corner of Indian Country is being spared. According to the latest data from the Indian Health Service, COVID-19 cases have exploded dramatically — and in every region — following the Christmas holiday.

As of Wednesday, the 7-day rolling average positivity rate climbed to a record 21.7 percent, the highest since the IHS began releasing data nearly two years ago. The rate is calculated by tallying the number of coronavirus tests that have returned positive for COVID-19 over a seven-day period.

On December 25, 2021, the 7-day rate had been 9.1 percent. That means the IHS has seen a 138 percent increase in COVID-19 cases since Christmas, based on the rolling average positivity data.

Getting vaccinated remains one of the best ways to protect against COVID-19, according to public health officials. During a visit to an urban Indian provider in northern California in early December, Elizabeth Fowler, the acting director of the IHS, said the agency was ramping up efforts to remind and encourage people to complete their dosage series and get boosted as soon as possible.

“We are doing all we can to get the word out about COVID-19 vaccine booster clinics and eligibility,” Fowler said at the Native American Health Center in Oakland on December 7. “IHS plans to reach more than 300,000 patients at our direct care sites before the holidays.”

“We must get the word to all those who are eligible,” said Fowler, a citizen of the Comanche Nation who is the highest ranking official at the IHS.

Safeguard our Future: Vaccine Toolkit for Parents and Families
The Indian Health Service has released Safeguard our Future: Vaccine Toolkit for Parents and Families to guide families through vaccinations for COVID-19 and other diseases.

Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, American Indians and Alaska Natives have suffered disproportionately despite the trust and treaty responsibility of the U.S. government to provide health care to tribes and their citizens. Infection rates, hospitalization rates and death rates have been the highest among all racial and ethnic groups, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

American Indians and Alaska Natives, however, have seen the highest vaccination rates in the nation since doses became more widely available in the spring of 2021. Only recently, around November 2021, has the vaccination rate among Asians begun to surpass that of Native people, according to CDC data.

But Native people appear to have failed to keep up the pace when it comes to receiving a booster dose for the COVID-19 vaccine. According to the CDC data, American Indians and Alaska Natives are actually falling behind most other racial and ethnic groups when it comes to receiving another shot.

As of Thursday, 58.9 percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives had received a booster, the data shows. Only Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders had a lower rate, of 53.3 percent.

All adults over the age of 18 are eligible for boosters, Director Fowler of the IHS said last month. The additional shot can help protect against the fast-spreading Omicron and Delta variants, according to health officials.

“Many IHS sites are sending letters, postcards, and leaflets explaining booster eligibility to patients and making them aware of their eligibility,” Fowler said in California, where the 7-day positivity rate is the highest within the IHS as of Wednesday.

Amid the nationwide surge surrounding the Omicron variant, public health officials stress that a rise in cases can easily overwhelm health care systems. As with the Delta variant, most of the infections are among those who have not been vaccinated against the coronavirus.

“The Omicron variant, so far, appears to be less severe than the Delta,” Dr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and chief medical advisor to President Joe Biden, said during a White House press briefing on Wednesday. “But remember the caveat: Rapid community spread is seeing larger numbers of children being hospitalized — again, mostly among the unvaccinated.”

As of January 3, more than 2 million doses of the three COVID-19 vaccines authorized in the U.S. have been administered through the IHS, which consists of facilities run directly by the agency, by tribes and by urban Indian providers. The figures covers every IHS location in the lower 48 states. Facilities in Alaska have chosen to receive their vaccine doses through the state system.

Note: Thumbnail photo of Navajo Nation headquarters in Window Rock, Arizona, by Navajo Nation Office of President and Vice President

COVID-19 Cases by IHS Area

Data are reported from IHS, tribal, and urban Indian organization facilities, though reporting by tribal and urban programs is voluntary. Data reflect cases reported to the IHS through 11:59 pm on January 5, 2022.
IHS Area
7-day rolling
Alaska 906,886 29,029 763,936 3.7% 11.8%
Albuquerque 129,746 10,632 97,723 9.8% 13.6%
Bemidji 254,418 20,709 232,959 8.2% 25.6%
Billings 136,935 10,303 122,742 7.7% 8.6%
California 141,761 13,753 122,163 10.1% 28.5%
Great Plains 212,024 19,569 191,713 9.3% 20.7%
Nashville 132,583 11,589 117,648 9.0% 26.3%
Navajo 395,915 47,427 289,427 14.1% 21.4%
Oklahoma City 837,450 101,555 723,556 12.3% 25.8%
Phoenix 253,348 33,222 218,669 13.2% 26.6%
Portland 188,549 13,272 174,723 7.1% 22.0%
Tucson 54,702 4,551 50,028 8.3% 23.6%
TOTAL 3,644,317 315,611 3,105,287 9.2% 21.7%

COVID-19 testing data is updated on Mondays and Thursdays.

Source: Indian Health Service (