Conroy Chino, left, a traditional leader of the Acoma Pueblo, joined tribal Gov. Kurt Riley to ask “people of France to honor our humanity" and return cultural items set for auction. Photo by Emily Zentner / Cronkite News

Cronkite News: Tribes seek return of property up for sale in France

Tribal leaders call for return of remains, sacred items before auction
By Emily Zentner
Cronkite News

WASHINGTON – Tribal and federal officials called Monday’s planned sale of Indian remains and sacred objects at a French auction “disrespectful and fundamentally wrong” and called for the return of the items.

Leaders from the Navajo, Hoopa and Acoma Pueblo tribes gathered with federal officials and advocates Tuesday to draw attention to the planned Parisian auction, in which they objected to the sale of one Hoopa cultural item and two Acoma Pueblo items, among hundreds of items.

“We demand that France and the U.S. act forcibly to stop the sales of these items,” said Gov. Kurt Riley of the Acoma Pueblo. “We are appealing to the people of France to honor our humanity.”

The catalog from the Parisian auction house EVE lists what appears to be hundreds of Native American items, including clothing, weapons and baskets that Riley said should not be in nontribal hands. They are part of a sale that will include items from Central America, Africa and Asia.

Indianz.Com SoundCloud: Press Conference on Sale of Ancestral Remains and Tribal Property

Included in the catalog is the Acoma Shield, which Riley described as a “sacred item that no one individual can own.”

An email to the auction house was not immediately returned Tuesday. But notes in the front of the catalog include a reference to a Hopi news article – decrying a 2014 EVE sale of Hopi items – that noted there is no U.S. law against private collection or sale of sacred tribal items.

Rep. Steve Pearce, R-New Mexico, who organized Tuesday’s event, called on Congress to take action to stop the auction, and others like it, by prohibiting the sale of Native American cultural items.

Pearce urged the House to act on his resolution that would ban the sale, transfer or export of Native American cultural items. That resolution, H.Con.Res.122, PROTECT Patrimony Resolution, was introduced in March and referred to three separate committees – Judiciary, Foreign Affairs and Natural Resources – but has yet to get a hearing in any of them.

Leilani Pole and Bradley Marshall, members of the Hoopa Valley Tribal Council, said the remains and sacred items set for auction “are a member of our community.” Photo by Emily Zentner / Cronkite News

The event was held at the National Museum of the American Indian, where Director Kevin Gover opened the meeting by noting that the “U.S. government’s stance on this issue is clear.”

When the museum opened in 1998, Gover said, Congress required that it return any human remains, cultural patrimony items or sacred objects to tribes.

D. Bambi Kraus, president of the National Association for Tribal Historic Preservation Officers, called for the return of auction lot 206 in particular. It contains a Lakota Sioux warrior jacket that Kraus said the tribe considers human remains.

“How do you say stop hurting us?” Kraus said. “We want you to stop hurting us.”

Jackson Brossy, executive director of the Navajo Nation’s Washington Office, called the continuing sale of Indian remains and cultural objects “ridiculous.” Photo by Emily Zentner / Cronkite News

The Navajo have no sacred items in the upcoming auction, but the executive director of the Navajo Nation Washington Office said at Tuesday’s event that the tribe has felt the pain of seeing cultural items sold off in the past.

“They are selling human remains,” said Jackson Brossy, the Navajo director. “It’s ridiculous. It’s crazy.”

The event at the National Museum of the American Indian came the same day that the Smithsonian Institution returned the remains of 60 Maori and Moriori ancestors to New Zealand’s Te Papa museum.

Some of the tribal items up for sale on May 30 at the EVE auction house in Paris, France. Included are cultural property...

Posted by Indianz.Com on Wednesday, May 25, 2016

An official from that museum, Arapata Hakiwai, who was in Washington for the repatriation, expressed relief over the return of the remains to the Maori, but sympathized with the Acoma Pueblo and Hoopa tribes.

“People need to realize that these are not objects of curiosity,” Hakiwai said. “These are real ancestors.”

Additional Coverage:
Native Americans protest planned French auction of artifacts (AP 5/24)
Native Americans protest planned auction in France of sacred objects and human remains (The Washington Post 5/24)
Smithsonian Hosts Emergency Meeting About Paris Auction of Indigenous Remains and Objects (Hyperallergic 5/24)
NMAI Tells Press: Stop Paris Auction of Sacred Items and Human Remains (Indian Country Today 5/24)
Native Americans implore France to halt artifact sale: ‘It harkens of slave auctions’ (The Guardian 5/25)
'This is not art. It's like a piece of us going missing': Native Americans protest over sale of 500 sacred artifacts at Paris auction house (The Daily Mail 5/25)

Note: This article is published via a Creative Commons license. Cronkite News is produced by the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication at Arizona State University.

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