indianz.com your internet resource indianz.com on facebook indianz.com on twitter indianz.com on Google+ indianz.com on soundcloud
phone: 202 630 8439
Dynamic Homes
Advertise on Indianz.Com
Home > News > Headlines
Print   Subscribe
Doug George-Kanentiio: 1794 Canandaigua treaty is renewed

Filed Under: Opinion
More on: doug george-kanentiio, new york, treaties
     

Each year citizens of the Haudenosaunee and their friends gather in the town of Canandaigua to renew the treaty negotiated there between the Confederacy and the United States of America.

On November 11 the gathering attracted Iroquois from all the nations including the Oneidas of Wisconsin. Coordinated by the Friends of Ganondagan the event marks a critical time in Native history when the United States was involved in a war with aboriginal people in the Ohio-Michigan-Indiana region.

After suffering two of the most devastating defeats in Us military history (under generals Harmar and St. Clair) US president George Washington was anxious to prevent the Haudenosaunee from joining the alliance of Native nations in that region as led by the Shawnee chief Blue Jacket and his Miami contemporary Little Turtle.

Washington realized the US army was not prepared to oppose the union of the two confederacies so he sent Timothy Pickering to secure a treaty of peace and friendship with the Haudenosaunee which also committed the US to protecting Native lands against illegal sales.

As Pete Jemison, Seneca and site manager at Ganondagan, noted during the gathering Article 6 of the US constitution states that "treaties are the supreme law of the land" and Canandaigua is a valid agreement between two independent nations.

A representative from the US congressman Thomas Reed, the mayor of Canandiagua Ellen Polimeni and the Society of Friends (the Quakers) welcomed the Haudenosaunee and gave presentations as to the importance of the treaty and praised those who sustained the annual event. Of particular importance was the late Sheldon Fisher, a local resident. It was recalled that in 1972 there were only three people at the observation, including Mr. Fisher, but they would not allow the treaty to be forgotten. Their efforts resulted in the current assembly which now attracts hundreds of people.

It was also noted that without the work of the Quakers to overturn the fraudulent Buffalo Creek Treaty of 1838 most Iroquois would have been forced west to Kansas. Mayor Polimeni pledged the ongoing support of the City of Canandiagua and said that the 2013 commemoration would be special because the city was erecting a statute in the downtown area to honour the Seneca people.

Currently, the treaty is acknowledged at a large boulder in front of city hall with a white pine tree nearby. Canandaigua, as one speaker noted, was taken from the Seneca word Gan-nun-da-gwa meaning "chosen spot".

The event includes an arts and crafts show and dinner at the Canandaigua Elementary School and a speaker series. This year Jamie Jacobs, Tonawanda Seneca, gave a presentation on the meaning of wampum belts. He is currently working with the Ogwe-owe-ka project at the Rochester Museum and Science Center.

News was also shared with regards to the recent return of Kahon:ios (Cohoes Falls) to the Hiawatha Institute for Indigenous Knowledge.

Doug George-Kanentiio, Akwesasne Mohawk, is a co-founder of the Native American Journalists Association, a former member of the Board of Trustees for the National Museum of the American Indian and the author of many books and articles about Native history and current issues. His latest book is "Iroquois on Fire". He may be reached via e-mail: Kanentiioaol.com. Kanentiio resides on Oneida Iroquois Territory in central New York State.

Related Stories:
Doug George-Kanentiio: The canonization of Kateri Tekakwitha (10/23)
Doug George-Kanentiio: Another outrageous land claims ruling (10/12)


Copyright © Indianz.Com
More headlines...
Stay Connected:
On Facebook

On Twitter

On Google+

On SoundCloud
Local Links:
Federal Register | Indian Gaming | Jobs & Notices | In The Hoop | Message Board
Latest News:
Lakota Country Times: New Oglala Sioux leader encourages youth (1/20)
Native Sun News Today: A new leader for Great Plains tribal group (1/20)
Native Sun News Today Editorial: It's a new era for Indian Country (1/20)
Mark Charles: Decoding Trump's bid to 'Make America Great Again' (1/19)
Lakota Country Times: Another year of big news in Lakota territory (1/19)
Native Sun News Today: DefundDAPL billboard goes up in New York (1/19)
Vi Waln: Let's kick our smoking and tobacco habit in Indian Country (1/19)
Terese Mailhot: Native women care what happens to all our sisters (1/19)
Leonard Peltier remains behind bars as Obama rejects clemency (1/19)
Department of the Army takes the lead on Dakota Access Pipeline (1/18)
Dakota Access executive confirms crude already placed in pipeline (1/18)
Bureau of Indian Affairs releases annual listing of recognized tribes (1/18)
Lakota Country Times: Rosebud Sioux Tribe opens homeless shelter (1/18)
Native Sun News Today: Northern Cheyenne focuses on foster care (1/18)
Brandon Ecoffey: Be safe and be prepared as winter hits the plains (1/18)
Disenrollment epidemic affects dozens of tribes across the nation (1/18)
New battle opens as Dakota Access disputes environmental review (1/17)
Judge declines to block publication of Dakota Access Pipeline notice (1/17)
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe responds quickly to Dakota Access threat (1/17)
President Obama names first members of Native youth commission (1/17)
Tim Giago: Discovering a love for food at an Indian boarding school (1/17)
Lakota Country Times: Historic decision for Indian Child Welfare Act (1/17)
Native Sun News Today: Pine Ridge teams fight it out at the buzzer (1/17)
Delphine Red Shirt: Tournament is a testament to our Native youth (1/17)
Native Sun News Today Editorial: News for ranchers in the new year (1/17)
Gyasi Ross: Let's divest from DAPL and support Native owned banks (1/17)
Jeffrey Ostler/Nick Estes: Treaties and the Dakota Access Pipeline (1/17)
Mary Annette Pember: Bad River Band takes stand on oil pipeline (1/17)
Steve Russell: Resolutions for tribal leaders and even the Donald (1/17)
Craig Tribal Association celebrates 'historic' trust land acquisition (1/16)
Mark Trahant: Congress moves forward with repeal of Obamacare (1/16)
Native Sun News Today: Northern Cheyenne banker beats the odds (1/16)
James Giago Davies: The real power to defeat the Wasicu pipeline (1/16)
Tiffany Midge: Hollywood needs to stop stereotyping Native people (1/16)
Peter d'Errico: New book connects Native America with Palestine (1/16)
Alaska tribe makes history with approval of trust land application (1/13)
more headlines...

Home | Arts & Entertainment | Business | Canada | Cobell Lawsuit | Education | Environment | Federal Recognition | Federal Register | Forum | Health | Humor | Indian Gaming | Indian Trust | Jack Abramoff Scandal | Jobs & Notices | Law | National | News | Opinion | Politics | Sports | Technology | World

Indianz.Com Terms of Service | Indianz.Com Privacy Policy
About Indianz.Com | Advertise on Indianz.Com

Indianz.Com is a product of Noble Savage Media, LLC and Ho-Chunk, Inc.