indianz.com your internet resource indianz.com on facebook indianz.com on twitter indianz.com on Google+
ph: 202 630 8439
Indian Law Online Master Degree
Advertise on Indianz.Com
Home > News > Headlines
Print   Subscribe
Doug George-Kanentiio: 1794 Canandaigua treaty is renewed
Wednesday, November 14, 2012
Filed Under: Opinion
More on: doug george-kanentiio, new york, treaties
 
Each year citizens of the Haudenosaunee and their friends gather in the town of Canandaigua to renew the treaty negotiated there between the Confederacy and the United States of America.

On November 11 the gathering attracted Iroquois from all the nations including the Oneidas of Wisconsin. Coordinated by the Friends of Ganondagan the event marks a critical time in Native history when the United States was involved in a war with aboriginal people in the Ohio-Michigan-Indiana region.

After suffering two of the most devastating defeats in Us military history (under generals Harmar and St. Clair) US president George Washington was anxious to prevent the Haudenosaunee from joining the alliance of Native nations in that region as led by the Shawnee chief Blue Jacket and his Miami contemporary Little Turtle.

Washington realized the US army was not prepared to oppose the union of the two confederacies so he sent Timothy Pickering to secure a treaty of peace and friendship with the Haudenosaunee which also committed the US to protecting Native lands against illegal sales.

As Pete Jemison, Seneca and site manager at Ganondagan, noted during the gathering Article 6 of the US constitution states that "treaties are the supreme law of the land" and Canandaigua is a valid agreement between two independent nations.

A representative from the US congressman Thomas Reed, the mayor of Canandiagua Ellen Polimeni and the Society of Friends (the Quakers) welcomed the Haudenosaunee and gave presentations as to the importance of the treaty and praised those who sustained the annual event. Of particular importance was the late Sheldon Fisher, a local resident. It was recalled that in 1972 there were only three people at the observation, including Mr. Fisher, but they would not allow the treaty to be forgotten. Their efforts resulted in the current assembly which now attracts hundreds of people.

It was also noted that without the work of the Quakers to overturn the fraudulent Buffalo Creek Treaty of 1838 most Iroquois would have been forced west to Kansas. Mayor Polimeni pledged the ongoing support of the City of Canandiagua and said that the 2013 commemoration would be special because the city was erecting a statute in the downtown area to honour the Seneca people.

Currently, the treaty is acknowledged at a large boulder in front of city hall with a white pine tree nearby. Canandaigua, as one speaker noted, was taken from the Seneca word Gan-nun-da-gwa meaning "chosen spot".

The event includes an arts and crafts show and dinner at the Canandaigua Elementary School and a speaker series. This year Jamie Jacobs, Tonawanda Seneca, gave a presentation on the meaning of wampum belts. He is currently working with the Ogwe-owe-ka project at the Rochester Museum and Science Center.

News was also shared with regards to the recent return of Kahon:ios (Cohoes Falls) to the Hiawatha Institute for Indigenous Knowledge.

Doug George-Kanentiio, Akwesasne Mohawk, is a co-founder of the Native American Journalists Association, a former member of the Board of Trustees for the National Museum of the American Indian and the author of many books and articles about Native history and current issues. His latest book is "Iroquois on Fire". He may be reached via e-mail: Kanentiioaol.com. Kanentiio resides on Oneida Iroquois Territory in central New York State.

Related Stories:
Doug George-Kanentiio: The canonization of Kateri Tekakwitha (10/23)
Doug George-Kanentiio: Another outrageous land claims ruling (10/12)


Copyright © Indianz.Com
More headlines...
Stay Connected:

Local Links:
Federal Register | Indian Gaming | Jobs & Notices | In The Hoop | Message Board
Latest News:
Native Sun News: Urban Indian organization seeks new center (11/26)
Tentative schedule for White House Tribal Nations Conference (11/26)
White House invites youth to DC for Tribal Nations Conference (11/26)
Leslie Wheelock: Touting nation-to-nation trading and tourism (11/26)
Kevin Abourezk: A mystery of Indian agents with same name (11/26)
Michael Allen: My ancestor took part in Sand Creek Massacre (11/26)
Dean Suagee: EPA's Clean Power Plan affects Indian Country (11/26)
Mark Rogers: Finding something to be thankful for this holiday (11/26)
Former convicted leader of Crow Tribe seeks to clear his name (11/26)
Blackfeet Nation denies political motive in arrest of ex-leader (11/26)
Appeal set in dispute over Navajo Nation presidential hopeful (11/26)
Judge allows NFL team lawsuit against young Native activists (11/26)
NPR: Alaska Natives put traditional spin on Thanksgiving meal (11/26)
Column: Group helps rescue dogs from Pine Ridge Reservation (11/26)
First Nation offers reward for information about missing man (11/26)
First Nations face loss of funds over failure to submit salaries (11/26)
Santa Ysabel Band responds to state lawsuit over online bingo (11/26)
Citizen Potawatomi Nation to meet over liquor sales at casino (11/26)
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe could lose casino's liquor license (11/26)
Mashantucket Tribe looks to shift revenues away from gaming (11/26)
Agua Caliente Band selects planner to revamp land near casino (11/26)
Washington gaming panel cuts jobs as non-Indian revenue falls (11/26)
Native Sun News: Oglala Sioux Tribe to issue IDs at tournament (11/25)
James Giago Davies: Polygamy and shunning in Lakota culture (11/25)
Ben Shelly: There's a lot to be thankful for on the Navajo Nation (11/25)
Cara Cowan Watts: Share the blessings of the Cherokee Nation (11/25)
Joe Sexton: BIA's 'ugly' land policies stuck in the 19th century (11/25)
Jenny Durkan: Cop who killed Native man wasn't charged either (11/25)
Oklahoma claims Citizen Potawatomi Nation must collect taxes (11/25)
Divided court won't extend Seneca Nation immunity to business (11/25)
Vice: North Dakota tribe sees $25M a month in energy royalties (11/25)
Members of Lumbee Tribe proud to carry on tradition of service (11/25)
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe donates $10K to local food pantry (11/25)
Slate: Non-Indians were encouraged to move to tribal territory (11/25)
Column: Remains of Dakota man hanged in 1862 kept in home (11/25)
Family members plead guilty to thefts from reservation town (11/25)
Authorities investigate fatal crash involving Bad River officer (11/25)
Editorial: Yakama Nation must disclose plans for clean water (11/25)
Roy Burton: Montana tribe puts its people at risk with gaming (11/25)
Lawmaker asks BIA to wait on Cowlitz Tribe casino acquisition (11/25)
Gaming compacts on agenda for 2015 session in New Mexico (11/25)
Quapaw Tribe faces even more competition for Kansas casino (11/25)
Pala Band wins final approval for online gaming in New Jersey (11/25)
Mashantucket Tribe still thinking about Massachusetts casino (11/25)
more headlines...


Home | Arts & Entertainment | Business | Canada | Cobell Lawsuit | Education | Environment | Federal Recognition | Federal Register | Forum | Health | Humor | Indian Gaming | Indian Trust | Jack Abramoff Scandal | Jobs & Notices | Law | National | News | Opinion | Politics | Sports | Technology | World

Indianz.Com Terms of Service | Indianz.Com Privacy Policy
About Indianz.Com | Advertise on Indianz.Com

Indianz.Com is a product of Noble Savage Media, LLC and Ho-Chunk, Inc.